Thinking geographically offers a uniquely powerful way of seeing the world and makes connections between scales, from the local to the global. We need facts in order to think, but we also need concepts to enable us to group bits of information, or facts, together.
The main organising concepts of geography are place, space, environment and scale.
§ Space - the location of points, features or regions in absolute and /or relative terms and the relationships, flows and patterns that connect and / or define them. This includes knowledge of locating countries, continents, key physical human and physical features on map, globes and aerial photographs.
§ Place – what it is like there, what happens there and how and why it is changing. This involves looking at human and physical features, how they change over time, and comparing and contrasting different localities.
§ Environment – describing and understanding key geographical features of physical and human geography, using geographical vocabulary. For example, weather patterns, volcanoes, water cycle, land use, types of settlement etc.
§ Scale - the 'zoom lens' that enables us to view places from global to local levels.
A local scale study is the area in which people live their everyday lives. This will be the school grounds and the local area. In contrast, a geographical region is generally a large area of land with distinguishing geographical, ecological, cultural or political characteristics that set it apart from other areas and may exist within one country or be spread over several.
Areas of Study
· the local area
· a contrasting non - European country
· the local area, with a focus on rivers
· a contrasting region of the UK (Hayling Island)
· a region in a European country (Barcelona- Spain)
· a region in South America (The Amazon Rainforest -Brazil, Mexico City- Mexico)
In KS2 we also teach about resources, such as food, energy, and trade links; and key aspects of physical geography such as rivers, mountains, volcanoes and climate zones.
FieldworkFieldwork is a valuable aspect of geography that helps to motivate pupils and also raises standards of attainment . It is incorporated into the curriculum whenever possible, for example, measuring rainfall or studying different habitats in the school grounds to investigating rivers by wading through Deptford Creek.